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John of Phoenix
07-03-2006, 09:18 AM
"Know your enemy."

JAKARTA, Indonesia, July 2 — The bombs should be small and placed in day packs, making them harder to detect. The bombers should dress like tourists. They should not bother targeting hotels because security is too tight. Instead they should consider restaurants, discos and theaters.

A thorough survey should be done in advance by the bombers themselves. That way, they are more familiar with the sites, and no one is left behind to be hunted later by the police.

"There is no escape plan because the perpetrators will become martyrs," the planning document states. "They will go to the targets and not return."

That is part of the playbook for a suicide bombing, including even a minute-by-minute choreography of the bombers' final hours. The Indonesian police uncovered the document from the computer of one of the planners of an attack last October in Bali, which killed 20 people when three men walked into separate restaurants and blew themselves up.

The document offers a rare glimpse into the minds of the most cunning terrorist plotters and of the kind of meticulous planning that lies behind their operations. It also shows what even a small, local group with few resources can do, and the difficulty of thwarting their plans.

"It tells us that these guys tried to think of every contingency," said Sidney Jones, project director of the International Crisis Group's office in Jakarta, and one of the foremost authorities on terrorism in Southeast Asia. "Even when they're being hunted, they had the capacity to think through what had to be done right down to the second."

The 34-page document, titled "The Bali Project," was found on the computer of Azhari Husin, a Malaysian-born engineer educated in Australia and Britain who became a master bomb maker and was one of the most dangerous terrorists in Southeast Asia until he was killed in a shootout with the police last November.

The document was given to The New York Times by a person who requested anonymity because it had not been officially released. It was first reported on by Tempo, an English-language weekly newsmagazine here.

Mr. Azhari's co-planner was Mohammad Noordin Top, who has narrowly escaped capture several times and remains on the run, one of the most wanted men in Southeast Asia.

The Indonesian police have said they found no evidence of any link to Al Qaeda in the Bali bombings. Members of Jemaah Islamiyah, the fundamentalist Islamic movement here, were involved, but the operation was not directed from the top of that organization, the police have said.

The document, written in six sections, sheds little new light on those links but corrects some initial speculation about the attack — that the bombs were assembled in the Philippines, for instance, and that the attack was aimed at the Indonesian government, or the Balinese economy.

The author, who the police say they believe was Mr. Azhari himself, begins by asking, "Why Bali?" Because it will have a "global impact," he answers. "Bali is known around the world, better than Indonesia itself," the author writes. "An attack in Bali will be covered by the international media."

In Section 2, "Method of Attack," he notes that the plan must differ from the first attack in Bali, in October 2002, when a minivan loaded with explosives was detonated in front of two nightclubs, killing 202 people.

Now, "security is tighter," the author writes, noting that the police chief in Bali had increased the number of intelligence officers to 256 from 70.

The author concludes that it is too risky to bring in a truck or a similarly large amount of explosives and that it would be more difficult to rent a house with a garage to assemble a bomb. "The bomb must be smaller, and brought in ready to use," the document says.

The targets, the author writes, are "foreign tourists from America and its allies," which included all NATO countries, as well as Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, Japan, Thailand and the Philippines.

The author knew that the bombers would have trouble determining the native country of many tourists. "So, we will consider all white people the enemy," the document says.

A few weeks before the attacks, the three men who would carry out the operation were sent to Bali to do a "survey" of possible targets for themselves.

Beforehand, they were told to learn what they could about Bali, a popular tourist island, on the Internet, and to get tourist brochures from travel agents and a tourist map.

The possible targets surveyed included McDonald's, Pizza Hut, Burger King and KFC restaurants, theaters, a golf course, tattoo parlors, art galleries and souvenir stalls.

As part of their surveillance, the men were told to "pay attention to clothes worn by local tourists" and what kind of day packs or shoulder bags they carried and whether they carried more than one.

The men did their reconnaissance, then reported back.

The next section includes a question-and-answer exchange between the men and their "field commander," presumably Mr. Azhari.

The men had concluded that the bombers should not use taxis to reach their targets because a taxi driver might help with the backpacks and be suspicious of their weight.

Rather, they should take a motorcycle taxi, which offers no opportunity for the driver to talk to the passenger. As for how to dress, they decided on black shirts, below the knee shorts or jeans and exercise shoes or sandals.

They decided that discos and nightclubs offered potential targets because most of the patrons were foreigners, and there was "no security to speak of, easy to enter."

But those sites were ultimately rejected, because backpacks would be suspicious at the time of night when the clubs got crowded, after 9 p.m.

John of Phoenix
07-03-2006, 09:19 AM
That led the men to consider restaurants in Kuta, one of the most popular tourist districts, as well as the seafood restaurants on the beach at Jimbaran. "Of all the places," the document says, "this may be the easiest, God willing."

The team explained how the tables at Jimbaran were arranged in the sand, about a yard apart with three to seven diners at each. "Almost 80 percent of the patrons are white," they said. Others were Chinese or Japanese, they noted, using a derogatory term.

The best time would be around 7:30 p.m., when the restaurants were the most crowded and a backpack would not be suspicious.

The survey team came up with four options. Mr. Azhari and Mr. Noordin, it is presumed, chose the fourth: one restaurant at Kuta Square and two restaurants at Jimbaran.

Simultaneous attacks in two locations "will have greater effect than simultaneous attacks in one location," the document states.

There was a further reason for choosing the restaurants at Jimbaran: many of the patrons were businessmen. "The death of foreign businessmen will have a greater impact than of young people," the document says.

The backpack bombs were to be assembled by Mr. Azhari at his base in Java, and there was a serious concern about whether they could be taken on a bus to Bali without being detected. At the Bali port of Gilimanuk, where the vehicle ferry lands, passengers are required to get off and their identification cards are checked.

The backpacks with the bombs could be left on the bus — the police did not inspect baggage left on the bus, the team reported.

The team determined that the backpacks should not be mountaineering backpacks, but student day packs, to avoid suspicion. For that reason, Mr. Azhari constructed relatively light bombs weighing 10 to 12 kilograms, or 22 to 26 pounds.

He devised two elaborate detonating systems, which Section 4 of the report explains in detail, including schematic diagrams of the wiring system and drawings of a man with the wired backpack.

The first was "direct" and connected to the explosives in the backpack. The other was on "delay," for explosives in a fanny pack worn by the bombers.

The delay time was 30 seconds; the bomber would flip the switches for that one as he approached the restaurant. That way, if he were stopped by a guard and could not set off the main bomb, the fanny pack would still explode.

Mr. Azhari worried that the bombs might explode during the bus ride from the base to Bali, if the bus hit a bump or the backpack was jostled, or on the motorcycle from the boardinghouse to the targets. For that reason, he decided to use four switches as a precaution.

"It's important to make the bomb systems as simple as possible so the perpetrators don't get confused," the author wrote.

There was a green light, placed on the chest side of the left backpack strap so that it was visible only to the bomber, which would go on when the delay system had been an activated. A red light, similarly hidden on the right strap, would indicate that the main bomb was ready, and the bomber only had to flip the last switches. The order in which the switches were flipped did not matter.

In Section 5, "The Attack," the final movements of the suicide bombers are planned, in some cases to the second.

5:25 p.m. — Pack, check out of the boardinghouse and synchronize watches.

5:30 — Look for a motorcycle taxi to Legian Beach, in Kuta.

6:15 — Arrive near the Hard Rock Cafe and look for a place to pray.

6:35 — End evening prayers. Then the two groups split up.

7:21 — The man who is going to detonate his explosives in Kuta begins moving toward the restaurant, making sure the red and green lights are on.

7:33:04 — Arrive at the restaurant.

7:33:25 — Make sure the delay switches are all ready, and enter restaurant.

Meanwhile, the other two suicide bombers reach Jimbaran Beach at 6:50, loiter at a food stall until 7:30, then synchronize their watches again, and begin walking to the outdoor tables on the beach, one 45 yards behind the other. The first man walked into the table area, and the second did the same. Then, the document concludes its choreography.

7:34 — "ALLAH-U AKBAR!!!"

"We tried to minimize the impact on Muslims," the author explains in the final section, which was written after the attack. "Nevertheless, there were still Muslim victims killed and wounded."

The death toll was a relatively low number compared with the first Bali attack. Five of the 20 killed were foreigners: 4 Australians and a Japanese. Fifteen were Indonesians.

NY Times article.

http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/03/world/asia/03bali.html?hp&ex=1151985600&en=40ef6883f71dcb91&ei=5094&partner=homepage

LeeG
07-03-2006, 09:22 AM
sounds like we should invade, is there a country responsible?

Phillip Allen
07-03-2006, 09:30 AM
sounds like we should invade, is there a country responsible?

if there was a country responsible...we would invade

John of Phoenix
07-03-2006, 09:33 AM
"Azhari Husin, a Malaysian-born engineer educated in Australia and Britain who became a master bomb maker and was one of the most dangerous terrorists in Southeast Asia."

Indonesia, Malaysia, Australia, and Britain are all involved. Bombs were assembled in the Philippines.
Where to start? Where to start? IRAN!!

Why don't they ever yell, "WE HATE YOU BECAUSE YOU'RE FREE!" ?

Chris Coose
07-03-2006, 09:44 AM
As long as bin Laden is alive, fear can be provoked, a war economy exists, some make huge profits and money is erased for entitlement programs.
OBL is dubbya's greatest buddy.

Phillip Allen
07-03-2006, 09:47 AM
Must this always be about political posturing? That’s the same thing the bombers are doing!

Bob Adams
07-03-2006, 09:54 AM
Must this always be about political posturing? That’s the same thing the bombers are doing!

Thank you.

Memphis Mike
07-03-2006, 09:57 AM
Hey John. Have you seen the movie "Syriana"? We watched it this weekend. It's based on a non fiction book written by a former CIA operative.

It tells the story of how and WHY these people are recruited to become suicide bombers.

It's all about money, at least IMO. Based on this movie and if it's all true, Chris is entirely correct.

LeeG
07-03-2006, 10:15 AM
MMike, if you're interested check out Baers book about Saudi/US relations. As disturbing as Syriana is,,the book is more so.

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1400052688/qid=1151939413/sr=2-3/ref=pd_bbs_b_2_3/002-3662914-6680021?s=books&v=glance&n=283155

In his blustering second book, former CIA officer Baer (See No Evil: The True Story of a Ground Soldier in the CIA's War on Terrorism) targets Saudi Arabia's corrupt leadership and cozy relationship with Washington. He argues that because the Saudis pay vast sums to powerful Americans, often in the form of lucrative defense contracts, those U.S. agencies that could help stop terrorism are thwarted by their own side. For example, CIA superiors tell Baer that they have no operating directive to look into Islamic fundamentalism in Central Asia in the early '90s. He is deeply disappointed in both the CIA and the State Department, which he says looked the other way throughout the '90s as widespread dissatisfaction with the status quo took root in Saudi Arabia. While Baer's attacks on Washington's "consent of silence" sometimes beg for clarification, his many working years in the Middle East and Central Asia give him great believability, and he makes a strong case that Saudi Arabia-with skyrocketing birth rates, growing unemployment, a falling per capita income and a corrupt ruling family draining the public coffers-is a powder keg waiting to explode. To prevent being overthrown, Saudi rulers channel money to violent fundamentalists, including al Qaida, via Islamic charities. Baer's radical solution is guaranteed to stir debate and make many skittish: "An invasion and a revolution might be the only things that can save the industrial West from a prolonged, wrenching depression."

John of Phoenix
07-03-2006, 10:17 AM
I haven't seen it Mike but it's on my list for this summer. I thought this Clooney comment was priceless.


In interviews, Clooney discusses the value of issue-oriented filmmaking and makes a veiled reference to the U.S.-led war in Iraq as he discusses the deep religious conviction that prompts Muslim drivers to stop and pray at designated times during the day: "Anyone that thinks you can bomb that ideal out of them needs to travel more."

LeeG
07-03-2006, 10:18 AM
After you do that check out this book with interviews of Iraqis. These two books will really make you wonder WTF the administration is smoking to justify the invasion and occupation of Iraq WITHOUT addressing our energy consumption.

http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0743277031/qid=1151939772/sr=2-1/ref=pd_bbs_b_2_1/002-3662914-6680021?s=books&v=glance&n=283155

LeeG
07-03-2006, 10:35 AM
I haven't seen it Mike but it's on my list for this summer. I thought this Clooney comment was priceless.

take $1Billion dollars and make 5K educational grants available for 200,000 community college students to live/study overseas for 1/2 yr. Do this every year as innoculation against future politicians who can say things like "they hate us because we're free" as a means to cultivate fear based actions.

Memphis Mike
07-03-2006, 11:26 AM
What's even more striking are the similarities.

The suicide bombers were suddenly thrown out of work which made them ripe for recruitment.

The economy in the US is geared as such that the poor only have one way out. The military.

John of Phoenix
07-03-2006, 11:34 AM
Mike, what irony.

Just ordered "In the Belly of the Green Bird", "Syriana" and the book it was based on "See No Evil: The True Story of a Ground Soldier in the CIA's War on Terrorism". I'm listening to "The One Percent Doctrine." I don't think I'll ever vote for another Republican as long as I live.

I should probably add some shoot 'em up video game to vent on as I go along.

LeeG
07-03-2006, 12:09 PM
MMike, one of the things that struck me about Baers book on Saudi Arabia was the precipitous decline in per capita income. $28k to $8k during the time of Al Qaedas growth. Imagine that happening in the US.
The other thing was that it almost seemed like a generation gap between the older generation Saudis who built the wealth with a spiritual grounding from a pre-industrial time and the next generation who grew up in wealth, and decline, who were looking for meaning outside of wealth production.

Memphis Mike
07-03-2006, 12:32 PM
"The other thing was that it almost seemed like a generation gap between the older generation Saudis who built the wealth with a spiritual grounding from a pre-industrial time and the next generation who grew up in wealth, and decline, who were looking for meaning outside of wealth production."

And according to the movie, the way the US delt with the young Saudi Prince who failed to "comply."

Landrith
07-03-2006, 12:54 PM
I thought the significance of the 2002 Bali attack was Australia was waivering-on the brink of leaving the post WWII military industrial planned economy fold. Demographically the Bali target was the same population segment of Australians ready to toss out their old leadership.

Like the truck bomb involved in the OKC federal building, the Bali van wasn't big enough to accomplish the destruction that occured. The OKC bombing occured when their was a similar groundswell agains a strong federal government and a new Congress openly discussing the elimination of DC agencies.

The documents leaked to the Times are useful manifestations of what has been missing, follow on incidents of either an actual enemy or people inspired by the earlier acts who have some motivation to go to war against the US. As far as I can figure the only authentic terrorist in that category was the shoe bomber.

I think it all fits the state terrorism template, maybe even the Italian state terrorism that got Aldo Moro. The Italian Neofascist had to create the terrorist threat using US tax payer dollars and a NATO budget to convince Italians to accept stronger government for security.

LeeG
07-03-2006, 12:55 PM
that made for good movie storyline. The attack on the LNG tanker by "terrists" seems more likely than the CIA attacking a "Syriana" prince. I would think the Saudi gov't would take care of a wayward prince long before the CIA would.

Osborne Russell
07-03-2006, 02:47 PM
sounds like we should invade, is there a country responsible?

I bet it was Saddam.

formerlyknownasprince
07-04-2006, 01:49 AM
I thought the significance of the 2002 Bali attack was Australia was waivering-on the brink of leaving the post WWII military industrial planned economy fold. Demographically the Bali target was the same population segment of Australians ready to toss out their old leadership.

What have you been smoking mate? You HAVE to be kidding?

A guy who was working for me just after this had happened lost three good friends in that attack - among the 88 Aussies who died.

skuthorp
07-04-2006, 05:03 AM
It might seem ridiculous Igatenby, but it's the product of having been blatantly lied to by politicians for far too long. No one trusts them any more, like the boy who cried wolf they have squandered their credibility and any sort of far-fetched idea can seem to have some credence. Not a good thing for our democratic systems, flawed as they are. And scrabbling for power at any cost, and damn the people, will not improve matters. It's easy to see how the system could be subverted in the name of 'security' and fear.